The city of Qom

Geographical location of Qom

 

 

 

Qom Province, which is around 11238 square kilometers, is located in the central part of Iran. The neighbors of the province are Tehran Province to the north, Semnan Province to the east, Isfahan Province to the south, and Markazi Province to the west.

 

The height of the central part of the city is 928 meters above sea level. The height of the highest point of the province in the mountains (Valija Mount) is 3330 meters above sea level and the height of the lowest point of the city, around Daryacheh Namak Qom (Salt Lake of Qom) is about 700 meters below sea level.

 

The resident population of the province is estimated to be around one million people. According to national segmentations in 1379 (2000), Qom Province includes a city, 4 boroughs, 5 towns, 9 rural districts, and 936 villages, 356 of which are residential and 580 are non-residential.

 

 

History of Qom

 

    

 

 According to some historical records and documents, the city of Qom existed before the advent of Islam and was a prosperous city of Iran. Its establishment has been attributed to Tahmooreth, one of the kings of the Pishdadian dynasty, the earliest dynasty in Iran. However, some historians consider it a more recently developed city belonging to the 1st century after Hegira. The oldest document which introduced Qom as an Islamic development is a travel diary attributed to Abi Delf.  In ancient times, this area was called Brawestan, its rural area Komidan and the village center was called Kom. In the first century after Hegira, this city was famous for Kom and was considered as environs of Isfahan. The city of Qom was conquered by the Islam troops in 23 after Hegira and Islam penetrated the city such that people promptly embraced the Shia faith.

 

In 94 after Hegira, a group of people called Asharis came to Qom and worked hard for the construction of the city. Since 142 after Hegira people avoided giving tribute to the rulers of the time and the city became a semiautonomous land in the Islamic government. In 189, Qom was separated from Isfahan and became an independent city, a home for Shiite scholars and jurisprudents. After the burial of Hazrat Masoomeh (Imam Kazem’s daughter) in this city, Qom thrived enormously and it became a secure shelter for the Shiites and devotees of the family of the Prophet Mohammad. Since then people built houses near the Holy Shrine of Hazrat Masoomeh so that they could benefit pilgrimage to her shrine. Also more scholars and scientists were trained in the vicinity of the generous lady of the Prophet Family, who engaged in preaching and spreading Islam.

 

Throughout history the holy and religious city of Qom has been irreparably damaged by oppressors. It has been destroyed and its people have been massacred in numerous invasions. The oppression was continued by Reza Khan and his child in the current century. The start of the Islamic movement led by Imam Khomeini bestowed the city new spirit and the city turned to one of the important centers for establishing the Islamic revolution. The uprising of the people of this city on 19th of Day in 1357 (January 9th, 1979) is a great honor for the city. After the Islamic revolution, with the start of the imposed war, the city played its great role in the holy defense by contributing 5200 martyrs and 7600 disabled people. And in the current time, with the direction of our great leader Ayat Ollah Khamenei, it is resisting cultural invasions of inside and outside enemies and it will hopefully try to bring about the arrival of the saver of the world, Imam Mahdi.

 

 



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